11 Steps for Preparing Your Garden
Every year, home gardeners question when they should begin planting their gardens. Planting too early or too late might both be disastrous.
To plant your plants successfully, you need to understand what kind of climate they thrive in and which kind of soil they prefer. Once you know the kind of soil they prefer, then you can prepare it to give them the perfect growing conditions. Once you know the type of climate your plants thrive in, then you can better understand the kind of plants to plant in your garden.
Your garden can be divided into two main groups. The one that enjoys warm weather, and the one that enjoys cold weather. Both groups are also divided into two. A plant that thrives in hot conditions and a plant that thrives in cold climates. There are also some types of plants that thrive in both of the other groups. In general, plants are classified as to their growth habit and habit as to whether they are best planted inside or outside.
In order for a plant to grow, it needs nutrients, water, and sunlight. However, in order for a plant to get these things, it needs to be able to draw the nutrients out of the soil. The only problem with that is that minerals from the soil can leech out and cause other problems. That is where fertilizer comes into the picture. Many gardeners use fertilizer to make sure that the soil has nutrients, they use fertilizer to enrich the soil with organic materials to help with the drawing of nutrients out of the soil.
Gardening does not begin with the planting of a seed in the earth. It all starts with the ground. Plants cannot be healthy and prolific unless the soil is rich and soft, allowing the roots to grow deep enough to absorb nutrients.
Compost and organic matter can help to enhance your soil. Microorganism activity breaks down materials to release key nutrients that plants require, giving rich soil a life of its own. Organic matter-rich soil retains nutrients and moisture while draining efficiently, loosens soil to allow more oxygen to reach plants, and stabilizes and anchors plant roots.
Fertilizers can come in the form of compost or mulch.
Compost is a decaying organic matter that has already broken down. Mulch is a covering of leaves, grass clippings, or other organic matter that has already broken down. Mulch is preferable because it has already been broke down. However, if you do use mulch, then make sure you dig it down a bit. The organic matter must be deep enough to prevent root formation.
Using compost or mulch is usually a better idea. Using mulch will create a microclimate that will help with root development. Even using compost will help with root development. It will just not be quite as good as when you use mulch. There is a certain level of compost that won’t have enough oxygen in it to help the roots grow. But once you get past that level, then compost or mulch is a good idea.
Once you have your plants planted, then follow these steps in order to prepare your garden beds for planting.
1. Prepare the soil for planting. This includes making sure that the soil is moist but not too wet. This is especially important for areas that are dry and hot.
2. Add fertilizer. You can either add a fertilizer with liquid fertilizer, or a fertilizer that is already mixed into the soil.
3. Add compost. You can either add the compost from the organic fertilizers, or the compost from the trenches. If the area is new, then the compost from the trenches is preferable. If the area is old then the organic fertilizers will work better.
4. Dig the trench. You will need to dig a trench for every 100 square feet of garden bed. Make sure that the trenches are slightly wider than the plants. You will need to offset the dug holes slightly so that the plant roots will not grow under the dug trench. Also, make sure to keep the soil moist.
5. Put down mulch. You can either put the organic mulch or the compost into the holes. Then just put the mulch down, but make sure to avoid leaving the mulch on the plants for too long. This prevents weeds and keeps the soil moist.
6. Prepare the plants. This includes preparing the soil for planting the plants, trimming the plants to the required heights, and the fertilizing of the soil. It is also time to trim back the plants as they grow.
7. Prepare the planting area. For example, the planting area can be made into an herb garden or into a vegetable garden. This is done by removing unwanted plants and placing them into the planting area for planting.
8. Water the garden. You can either use a water hose to water the garden or you can water the garden by hand. In any case make sure that you maintain the water level well below the bottom of the pot so that you do not displace the root system.
9. Do you compost the waste? The compost pile can be either outdoor compost or indoor compost. It is also best to mix the compost regularly during the planting period. This will help reduce the danger of fungi infecting the plants.
10. Take off the grow lights. The grow lights also called the photoperiod is an artificial day length that controls the photoperiod of the plants. In this way, it helps to bring on the plants during a day that is later on a longer than the typical day.
11. Remove the plastic. The plastic can be removed by use of a sharp object and to loosen the plastic. This will allow the water and nutrients to pass to the plants.