How to Grow Organic Plants
Organic gardening is more popular than ever, but there’s a lot of misinformation about how to do it properly. How can you give plants the nutrients they require to survive? What are your options for dealing with insects and plant diseases? Is it too difficult to produce some plants organically in our climate? Some of the answers to these questions may astound you.
Overall, the goal is to establish a sustainable, environmentally friendly ecosystem with rich soil, a diversified plant mix, and plenty of pollinators and “good” predators.
Feed the soil, and let the soil feed the plants. Let the plants be the judges of their surroundings. I live by these principles when it comes to gardening advice.
Plants are the ones that will assess the soil, weeds, water, light, and other variables that arise throughout the year.
When it comes to planting, this also includes selecting plants that are appropriate to the soil and growing conditions you have. You cannot plant something that will stay in one spot for long. Plus, you may find that once the plants get going, its really hard to get them to settle in.
So, in order to accommodate the changing conditions, you need to have a plan. I like to divide my garden in three parts.
One part is in the best possible condition, the other is in the second best possible condition and the last is in the worst possible condition. This way, as the plants start to grow, they will have the conditions they need to help them along, without you having to constantly keep track of what is where. It is also easier to keep track of your plan when your division is in its second best form.
Now, with your soil divided, you will need to put in a layer of compost that is about the consistency of baby bread. Keep putting in compost until the soil is as fine as a piece of fine paper.
Then, you will need to go back with a spade and begin breaking up the soil again. Now, you will need to add some mulch to the soil, about 15 inches of mulch. In the middle of the mulch, put a 3 or 4 inch layer of compost.
Remove peas in your mulch if it has peas in it. Peas will take up all the nutrients that your plants need, and will cause the mulch to collapse.
You will need to mulch in the same way, however if your mulch contains wood chips, leaves and weeds, there chances are you will need more compost. You will need to follow the same procedure, as you did before, except now you will need to be adding a little bit more compost to the mulch. Cover the mulch layer with soil (about 15 inches). You will need to put a 3 or 4 inch layer of compost, then another 15 inches of mulch. Continue this process until the soil is as fine as a piece of paper.
You will need to put in a layer of soil about 2 inches deep about 15 inches away from your plants.
Now comes the hard part. Adding fertilizer. Follow the same steps as before, however this time you’ll need to add mulch as soon as you start applying fertilizer to help it break down. You will need to do this until the fertilizer is completely broken down, then remove the mulch layer. The fertilizer in the mulch layer will need to be covered with soil, about 15 inches away from your plants.
You will need to add the fertilizer to the soil, covering it and letting it dissolve. Repeat the process of mulching and adding compost and mulch until your plants are about 6 inches tall. When you reach the end of the process, you will need to cover the soil with plastic to help it break down. Now you will have to wait for the fertilizer to break down and leach out the nutrients that are in it. This will take several months, and you will need to do a water routine after that. Keep adding mulch until the mulch is covered with soil. This will take about 2-4 years. When this process is complete, you will have healthy plants that have broken down over the past years organic fertilizer.
Your plants may start to produce flowers right away. These are actually not fertilizer, but the seeds that your plants broke into, so they can grow. These are not flowers, but are a form of food for the plant that will be added back into the soil.
You can start transplanting your plants once they have developed roots and can absorb nutrients from soil. You can tell they are ready when their leaves turn into woody growth. This is when you are ready to transplant them.
Once you have planted your plants in your garden bed, you will need to water them regularly. It will be simple to water the plants at first. Your plants will need to be watered using the drip line as time goes on. So that the water drips on the soil rather than soaking the leaves.
Once your plants are outside, you should only water them at night or during periods of dry weather. During the hottest parts of the year, keep the soil dry. Do not let your plants dry out as this will cause your plants to die.
You won’t be the only one who wants to visit your backyard organic garden once you’ve planted it. Pests, viruses, weeds, and even harsh weather will undoubtedly arrive, wreaking havoc if you aren’t prepared.
When your friends beg for your brilliant tips on how to grow gorgeous organic vegetables, you can share these simple tips!